What is Full-Spectrum CBD?
If you’ve recently searched for CBD, you’ve no doubt come across terms such as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. These terms refer to the number of cannabinoids and plant materials each product contains. Full-spectrum is one of the most common forms of cannabis use for medical reasons. Of the previously mentioned CBD terms, it is the only one that contains THC, up to 0.3%. In addition, it has all of the cannabinoids and terpenes available from the plant, present in the product.
That’s great, but what are Cannabinoids and Terpenes?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. The two most common compounds are CBD and THC. Research has found there are approximately 80 to 100 cannabinoids in the plant divided into three categories; recreational, medical and synthetic. The effects of cannabinoids depend on the brain area involved. The most common cannabinoid, CBD, is said to have anti-anxiety effects.
Terpenes are what give cannabis its different scents and are found in the essential oils of the plant. They may protect plants by deterring herbivores and attracting predators of them.
Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD
Research is continuing on the effects of CBD and information is scarce. However, early studies show that there may be benefits of CBD products. Most full-spectrum products, including those on our site, are non-GMO and contain no pesticides or chemicals. Some potential benefits include:
Physical and Mental Pain Relief
One of the most commonly talked about benefits is pain relief. It is said to help reduce common ailments such as joint pain, headaches, chronic pain and inflammation. In addition, it may help with your mental health. Full-spectrum and other types of CBD can have anti-anxiety effects and are also said to help with depression and even addiction.
CBD can also help manage nausea and vomiting. Additionally, the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD can stimulate appetite, benefiting those with eating disorders such as anorexia.
Slowing Cancer Cell Growth
One study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology showed that the low levels of toxicity in full-spectrum CBD can slow the growth of cancer cells, allowing more time to find and use more effective treatments.
Other possible benefits include reduction of muscle spasms and seizures, improving sleep quality, promoting bone growth and reducing blood sugar levels.
Side Effects of Full-Spectrum CBD
While there are multiple benefits of CBD and many experience use without any side effects, the full use of cannabinoids in full-spectrum may increase the risk of side effects or bad reactions for some people. The most notable effects reported have been tiredness and changes in both weight and appetite. It is important to always consult with your doctor before taking CBD products. Other potential concerns include:
Due to the trace amounts of THC in full-spectrum, some consumers have concerns about regular drug tests. Those people are advised to use isolate or broad-spectrum instead.
Alcohol with CBD
There is a danger with full-spectrum CBD when consumed with alcohol. There are negative interactions between alcohol and cannabinoids that can occur when taken within eight hours of each other. Alcohol increases the effects of CBD and can cause sedation, increased side effects, and other potentially negative effects.
FDA has not approved CBD
Another concern is that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has not signed off on widespread CBD usage. While there have been many private studies, the FDA has yet to do any clinical studies themselves nor approve any products.
How is Full-Spectrum CBD Made?
CBD goes through an extraction process that removes the hemp oil, cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils from the hemp plant. This process must occur on a fully mature plant and one that has gone through the drying process of stalks, stems, leaves and flowers. The plant is then mashed down and the extraction method may begin. There are multiple ways to extract the needed compounds, however, CO2 extraction is typically the most popular method. This method controls the pressure and temperature allowing for a purer separation and the ability to separate individual compounds during the extraction process.
Overall, full-spectrum CBD can have multiple benefits, but it’s important to be aware of potential side effects and consult with your doctor on what CBD products will work for you.